The anesthesia team at the hospital will evaluate the patient in the preoperative area and decide what type of anesthesia will be best for their procedure. Most patients have a spinal anesthesia with light sedation which numbs them from the waist down and keeps them relaxed during surgery. In revision surgery the patient will have general anesthesia because those cases can take longer than primary joint replacements. Most patients will also have pain blocks that will help control their post-operative pain while in the hospital.
Most joint replacement surgeries take 40-60 minutes to complete; however, revision surgery or complex primary surgeries can take hours.
The surgeon will discuss the case with the patient's family only if they wish for him to do so. This is usually done in person in the consultation room.